Wow. I had not put that together about Chapter twenty three of Exodus. But now it is as clear as day. Expanding this the Command Thou Shalt not Steal would then be expounded here in Exodus twenty two where it says “If thou lend money to my people poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.” That is an example of an expounded Commandment. Also, let’s try this as an example of “Thou shalt not steal” in another venue of life: And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. If here father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins” Exodus Chapter twenty two and verses sixteen and seventeen. This is stealing because the man in his own lust takes the girls value as a virgin and thinks to take it and then move on. God says, if you do that an fullfill your lust with a maid, then you have to take that woman and make her your wife.
This has really opened my eyes to how to speak on this issue. We have “Thou shalt not steal again” and every law must have a penalty, otherwise it would not be “law” but rather simply suggestion, but we know Thou shalt not steal is law because we have penalty and that penalty is described in Exodus Chapter twenty two , I think it’s the Whole Chapter now! But even verse twenty two and twenty three is an exposition of ‘Thou shalt not steal!” For because how does a rich man afflict a widow? or a fatherless child but by stealing what you owe to them, from them?
I have one more I just saw and that is the Fourth commandment! Everybody loves to think this commandment is done away with but look at this: Chapter twenty one is an exposition of the Sabbath Commandment: Remember the Sabbath to keep it holy. What is the Sabbath, the seventh day: What about the seventh year Sabbath of land rest and the “if thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing”.
This has been a real eye opener and clearly done and much thanks to natsab and more to the Yhwh and Holy Pnuema that gave me eyes to see and ears to hear.
The Torah portions the last couple weeks have been taking us again through the middle chapters of Exodus and the giving of the Ten Words from Mt. Sinai. So, two days ago, as my family and I read and discussed chapter 23 in our daily Bible time, (portion #mishpatim) I noted with interest how vss. 1-9 all deal with bearing false witness, thus explaining/expanding the Ninth Commandment. As we flipped back and forth it occurred to me that textually, there is not a break in Yahweh’s giving of the 10 Words and the following expansion.
I said nothing and pondered through the day, several times returning to re-read the larger section and note that the ordinances that begin in 21:1 were given on the heels of the Ten Commandments with no discernible break.
Were they all given at the exact same time?
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